Vientiane (/vjɛnˈtjɑːn/; French pronunciation:[vjɛ̃ˈtjan]; Lao:ວຽງຈັນ, Viang chan, IPA:[ʋíəŋ tɕàn]) is the capital and largest city of Laos, on the banks of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand. Vientiane became the capital in 1563 due to fears of a Burmese invasion. Vientiane was the administrative capital during French rule and, due to economic growth in recent times, is now the economic centre of Laos.
The name of the city is derived from Pali, the liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism. Although the original meaning of the name of the city is "city of sandalwood", as shown by ancient Lao inscription which wrote according to etymology, unlike modern Lao which is written phonetically, in modern Lao, the meaning of the name Vientiane is ambiguous.
Many, if not most, Lao people claim that the city's name means "city of the moon", while many also claim correctly that the city's name means "city of sandalwood" because the words for "moon" (ຈັນ or ຈັນທຣ໌ from chandraचन्द्र in Sanskrit) and "sandalwood" (ຈັນ or ຈັນທນ໌ from chandanaचन्दन in Sanskrit) are written and pronounced identically as "chan" in modern Lao. Most academic and historic Lao sources claim that the city's name does in fact mean "city of sandalwood", reinforced by the city's Thai (เวียงจันทน์) and Khmer (វៀងចន្ទន៍) names both retain the etymological spelling, which indicates "city of sandalwood".
Vientiane Province (also known as rural Vientiane) (Lao ວຽງຈັນ) is a province of Laos, located in the northwest of the country. As of 2004 the province had a total population of 373,700 people. Vientiane Province is a large province, covering an area of 15,927 square kilometres (6,149sqmi) with 10 districts in mid north-western Laos. The province borders Luang Prabang Province to the north, Xiangkhouang Province to the northeast, Bolikhamxai Province to the east, Vientiane Prefecture and Thailand to the south, and Xaignabouli Province to the west. The principal towns are Vang Vieng and Muang Phôn-Hông. Several kilometres to the south of Vang Vieng is one of Laos's largest lakes, Nam Ngum. Much of this area, particularly the forests of the southern part, are under the Phou Khao Khouay National Bio-Diversity Conservation Area. The principal rivers flowing through the province are the Nam Song River, Nam Ngum River and the Nam Lik River.
In the mid-16th century, Vientiane under King Setthathirat's rule became prosperous. It became a major centre of Buddhist teachings and many wats were built.
In 1989, the province was split into two halves — the Vientiane Prefecture containing the city Vientiane itself, and the remaining province.
VIENTIANE, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 18th Jun, 2021 ) --.Everyone entering Laos must comply with all of the standard COVID-19 prevention and control measures, even if they have had two doses of a COVID-19 vaccine, Lao health authorities said Friday.
VIENTIANE, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 16th Jun, 2021 ) --.Lao health authorities are rolling out the second round of vaccination program, aiming to immunize hundreds of thousands of people against COVID-19 ... under the Lao Ministry of Health, as saying.
VIENTIANE, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 11th Jun, 2021 ) .Lao Ministry of Health on Friday urged people to stay vigilant against COVID-19, although the number of new COVID-19 cases in the country continues to fall.
Jun. 8—VIENTIANE (VientianeTimes/ANN) — The Ministry of Health has been directed to speed up the vaccination programme to ensure 50 percent of the population of Laos gets inoculated by the end of the year. Those who received the first ... .
VIENTIANE, May 22 (Xinhua) -- The Lao Ministry of Health urged people countrywide to be vigilant and help control the spread of dengue fever ... report by the Center of Information and Education for Health under the Lao Ministry of Health on Saturday.
VIENTIANE, May 17 (Xinhua) -- The Lao government has instructed authorities across the country to strictly monitor the border and record information about people entering Laos to prevent and control the spread of COVID-19 ... COVID-19, local daily VientianeTimes reported on Monday.
The other members of the team were health workers from the provincial disease control center and a hospital in the provincial capital Kunming... In November, health workers from Yunnan were sent to Vientiane, the capital of Laos, to help set up a new nucleic acid testing center aimed at boosting the city's testing capacity.
... to Covid-19 in Laos, state-owned VientianeTimes newspaper reported Monday ... The health authorities announced the death on Sunday, when 69 new cases were registered amid a surge in infections since the traditional New Year holiday last month, according to the Vientiane Times.