Vientiane (/vjɛnˈtjɑːn/; French pronunciation:[vjɛ̃ˈtjan]; Lao:ວຽງຈັນ, Viang chan, IPA:[ʋíəŋ tɕàn]) is the capital and largest city of Laos, on the banks of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand. Vientiane became the capital in 1563 due to fears of a Burmese invasion. Vientiane was the administrative capital during French rule and, due to economic growth in recent times, is now the economic centre of Laos.
The name of the city is derived from Pali, the liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism. Although the original meaning of the name of the city is "city of sandalwood", as shown by ancient Lao inscription which wrote according to etymology, unlike modern Lao which is written phonetically, in modern Lao, the meaning of the name Vientiane is ambiguous.
Many, if not most, Lao people claim that the city's name means "city of the moon", while many also claim correctly that the city's name means "city of sandalwood" because the words for "moon" (ຈັນ or ຈັນທຣ໌ from chandraचन्द्र in Sanskrit) and "sandalwood" (ຈັນ or ຈັນທນ໌ from chandanaचन्दन in Sanskrit) are written and pronounced identically as "chan" in modern Lao. Most academic and historic Lao sources claim that the city's name does in fact mean "city of sandalwood", reinforced by the city's Thai (เวียงจันทน์) and Khmer (វៀងចន្ទន៍) names both retain the etymological spelling, which indicates "city of sandalwood".
Vientiane Province (also known as rural Vientiane) (Lao ວຽງຈັນ) is a province of Laos, located in the northwest of the country. As of 2004 the province had a total population of 373,700 people. Vientiane Province is a large province, covering an area of 15,927 square kilometres (6,149sqmi) with 10 districts in mid north-western Laos. The province borders Luang Prabang Province to the north, Xiangkhouang Province to the northeast, Bolikhamxai Province to the east, Vientiane Prefecture and Thailand to the south, and Xaignabouli Province to the west. The principal towns are Vang Vieng and Muang Phôn-Hông. Several kilometres to the south of Vang Vieng is one of Laos's largest lakes, Nam Ngum. Much of this area, particularly the forests of the southern part, are under the Phou Khao Khouay National Bio-Diversity Conservation Area. The principal rivers flowing through the province are the Nam Song River, Nam Ngum River and the Nam Lik River.
In the mid-16th century, Vientiane under King Setthathirat's rule became prosperous. It became a major centre of Buddhist teachings and many wats were built.
In 1989, the province was split into two halves — the Vientiane Prefecture containing the city Vientiane itself, and the remaining province.
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VIENTIANE, Oct. 28 (Xinhua) -- Lao people and health authorities are concerned about the increase in deaths due to dengue fever, as the Ministry of Health most recently reported that a four-year-old girl died from the virus, taking the dengue death toll to 19 in the Southeast Asian country so far in 2023.
VIENTIANE, Oct ... According to a report issued by the Lao Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on Thursday, authorities from Phongsaly, Xayaboury, Vientiane, Salavan, Bolikhamxay provinces and the Lao capital Vientiane, discussed the problems associated with air pollution and the effects on people's health, at a meeting held last Thursday.
VIENTIANE, Oct 17 (Bernama-Xinhua) -- One new death from dengue fever was reported in Laos as the number of infections continued to grow across the Southeast Asian country, according to the Lao Ministry of Health, reported Xinhua... Health officials said ...
VIENTIANE, Sept. 28 (Xinhua) -- Lao health authorities enhanced medical cooperation with China by opening the Lao-Chinese Medicine and Traditional Medicine Cooperation Center in Vientiane, local media reported.
VIENTIANE, Sept ...A man, who has been found contracted monkeypox after traveling from a neighboring country, is currently under observation at a hospital in Lao capital Vientiane, according to a notice issued by the Lao Ministry of Health on Tuesday. The health ministry said more ...
VIENTIANE -- The Lao Ministry of Health has confirmed the first case of monkeypox in the country, urging health officials nationwide to stay on the alert for more cases of the virus ... in Lao capital Vientiane, according to a notice issued by the Lao Ministry of Health on Tuesday.
VIENTIANE, Aug. 8 (Xinhua) -- Health authorities in Laos have reported a significant increase ... Health officials confirmed one more dengue death in Lao capital Vientiane on Tuesday, taking the dengue death toll to 13 in the country in 2023, according to the report.
VIENTIANE, Aug. 4 (Xinhua) -- The number of dengue fever cases continues to grow in Laos, with two new deaths reported on Friday, according to the Lao Ministry of Health... and Education for Health under the ministry on Friday, adding that the dengue fever has caused 12 deaths.